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John Mercer Langston

John Mercer Langston

Male 1829 - 1897

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Born  14 Dec 1829  Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Gender  Male 
    Died  15 Nov 1897  District of Columbia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Buried  District of Columbia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID  I115  Nashville
    Last Modified  24 Feb 2008 

    Father  Ralph Quarles,   b. 1764, Spotsylvania County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1834, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Lucy Jane Langston,   b. 1780,   d. Oct 1834, Louisa County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F47  Group Sheet

    Family  Caroline "Carrie" M. Wall,   b. 1833, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1915, District of Columbia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
    Married  25 Oct 1854  Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Notes 
    • Was counsel-general in Haiti from 1875-1883. [3]
    Children 
    >1. Arthur D. Langston,   b. 03 Aug 1855, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 07 Apr 1908, St. Louis, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. Ralph E. Langston,   b. abt. 1857, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. Nettie DeElla Langston,   b. 17 Jun 1860, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Sep 1938, Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location
    >4. Frank Mercer "Lamb" Langston,   b. abt. 1864, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Chinque Langston, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  14 May 2012 
    Family ID  F39  Group Sheet

  • Photos

    » Slide Show
    John Mercer Langston
    John Mercer Langston
    picture from Wikipedia Commons
    John Mercer Langston
    John Mercer Langston
    Picture from http://www.oberlin.edu/external/EOG/OYTT-images/JMLangston.html
    John Mercer Langston Highway Marker
    John Mercer Langston Highway Marker
    Marker erected in 1955. It is located in Louisa, Virginia at the intersection of West Main Street (U.S. 33) and Courthouse Square.

    Inscription -- John Mercer Langston was born 5.5 miles N.W. of here on 14 Dec. 1829, son of plantation owner Ralph Quarles and his former slave Lucy Langston. A graduate of Oberlin College (1849), in 1855 Langston became township clerk of Brownheim, Ohio - the first African American popularly elected to office. During the Civil War, he recruited regiments for the Union army. Afterward, he was founder and first dean of the Law Department of Howard University, served as minister resident in Haiti and charge d'affaires in Santo Domingo, and was first president of what is now Virginia State University. In 1888 he became the first black congressman elected from Virginia. He died on 15 Nov. 1897 in Washington, D.C.

    Documents

    » Slide Show
    Freedmen's Bank Records: John M. Langston
    Freedmen's Bank Records: John M. Langston
    Place of birth: Louisa County, Virginia
    Residence: Oberlin, Ohio
    1860 OH Census: John M & Carrie Langston
    1860 OH Census: John M & Carrie Langston
    Enumeration Date: 18 Jun 1860
    Page: 48
    Location: Oberlin, Lorain County, Ohio

    #347
    1. John M. Langston - age 30, lawyer, real estate $12,000, personal estate $5,000
    2. Caroline M. - age 25
    3. Arthur - age 5
    4. Ralph - age 3
    5. Chin? - female, age 2
    + 3 non-relatives

    Link to full image.
    1870 OH Census: John M. & Caroline Langston
    1870 OH Census: John M. & Caroline Langston
    Enumeration Date: 24 Nov 1860
    Page: 70
    Location: Oberlin, Lorain County, Ohio

    #493
    1. Langston, John M - age 40, lawywer, real estate $40,000
    2. Caroline M. - age 36
    3. Arthur - age 14
    4. Ralph - age 13
    5. Nettie - age 10
    6. Frank - age 6
    7. Langston, Jennie -age 18, black,
    8. Percival, Jane - age 23, day servant

    Link to full image.
    Educated Negro Family
    Educated Negro Family
    From the New York Times
    23 Jun 1903
    Langton to Dinner
    Langton to Dinner
    Source: "Dinner to John M. Langston." Critic-Record [District of Columbia] Retreived 1 Aug. 1885. GenealogyBank. 9 Mar. 2009 http://www.genealogybank.com.

    Headstones
    Headstone: John Mercer & Caroline M. Langston
    Headstone: John Mercer & Caroline M. Langston

  • Notes 

  • Sources 
    1. [S41] Negro in American history : men and women eminent in the evolution of the American of African descent, John Wesley Cromwell, (American Negro Academy, 1914), http://books.google.com/books?id=IY5GAAAAMAAJ., 155.

    2. [S134] King-Calnek, Judith E. "John Mercer Langston and the Shaping of African American Education in the Nineteenth Century." Education as Freedom. Lanham, 2009. 27-45, 31.

    3. [S61] John Mercer Langston Biographical Sketch, (Oberlin University), http://www.oberlin.edu/external/EOG/OYTT-images/JM..

    4. [S62] Deaths of the Day: John Mercer Langston, (New York Times, 16 Nov 1897), http://tinyurl.com/3bpphm..

    5. [S1] Profiles of African-Americans in Tennessee, Annual Local Conference on Afro-American Culture and History, (http://www.tnstate.edu/library/digital/digitizing.html).

    6. [S34] Aristocrats of Color: the Black Elite, 1880-1920, Gatewood, William B., (University of Arkansas Press, 2000), 120.

    7. [S41] Negro in American history : men and women eminent in the evolution of the American of African descent, John Wesley Cromwell, (American Negro Academy, 1914), http://books.google.com/books?id=IY5GAAAAMAAJ., 159.

    8. [S40] History of Howard Law School, (Howard University Law School), http://www.law.howard.edu/19., 21 Feb 2008.

    9. [S41] Negro in American history : men and women eminent in the evolution of the American of African descent, John Wesley Cromwell, (American Negro Academy, 1914), http://books.google.com/books?id=IY5GAAAAMAAJ., 156.